Annotated Bibliography

Bouvier, Leon F. and Martin, John L. “Shaping Georgia: The Effects of Immigration, 1970-2020.” 1995. Center for Immigration Studies. 

Examines population statistics with regards to immigrant communities and ethnic minorities in Georgia and explains how these populations are projected to change and impact the demographics of the overall state and city.

Huang, Xi, and Cathy Yang Liu. “Welcoming Cities: Immigration Policy at the Local Government Level.” Urban Affairs Review, vol. 54, no. 1, 23 Jan. 2018, pp. 3–32., doi:10.1177/1078087416678999.

Explains the benefits of welcoming immigration initiatives and argues that local governments should adopt initiatives to more effectively breach language and cultural barriers to integrate immigrants into society and generate economic and social mobility. 

“Immigration Impact.” American Immigration Council, Immigration Impact,

The American Immigration Council is a database that contains information pertaining to immigrant communities across the U.S. It provides access to articles that describe the societal, economic, and cultural impacts of immigration, as well as the effect of government policies on immigrant populations.

 “Immigrants in Georgia.” American Immigration Council, American Immigration Council, 9 October 2017,

This site provides information and statistics on immigration for each state in the U.S. These statistics include the occupations which the immigrants work and explains their contributions and role in the Georgia economy.

“Immigration in Georgia.” Ballotpedia, Ballotpedia,

Ballotpedia is an online database that publishes thousands of encyclopedia articles, including a detailed report of the Federal and Georgia immigration policies and laws. Furthermore, it contains details on the immigrant community in Georgia, such as poverty rates, education, demographics, public services, and refugee communities.

Liu, Yang CC. “Latino Immigration and the Low-Skill Urban Labor Market: The Case of Atlanta.” 2012. Social Science Quarterly. 

This article provides analysis for the demographic change in the Atlanta region and explains the effect of immigration on ethnic composition of Atlanta. It also examines census data for counties in the Atlanta region for each ethnicity.

McDaniel, Paul N., Darlene Xiomara Rodriguez, and Anna Joo Kim. “Creating a Welcoming Metro Atlanta: A Region Approach to Immigrant Integration.” Atlanta Studies. April 26, 2018.

This article examines the impact of state and local immigration policies on the integration of immigrants into society. In addition, this article highlights the areas of the Atlanta metro that contain the largest clusters of immigrant populations.

“Metro Atlanta Equity Atlas.” Metro Atlanta Equity Atlas, Partnership for Southern Equity,

Provides maps that represents Atlanta in terms of demographics and quality of life factors such as economic development, education, environment, health, housing, public safety, and transportation

“Migration Policy Institute.” Migration Policy Institute, 1 Apr. 2019,

This database provides access to recent articles that pertain to modern-day immigration issues, including articles regarding the education that is available to immigrants across the U.S. 

Odem, Mary E. “Subaltern Immigrants: Undocumented Workers and National Belonging in the United States.” Interventions- International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, 10 Oct. 2008, pp. 359–380., doi:10.1080/13698010802444959.

This article explains connectiveness of the Latino immigrant community in metro Atlanta and how GA policies continually caused this community to become isolated from society. Furthermore, the authors examine how the law prohibiting undocumented immigrants from acquiring driver’s licenses further isolates undocumented immigrants, mostly of Latino origin.

Sampson, Robert J., et al. “Assessing ‘Neighborhood Effects’: Social Processes and New Directions in Research.” Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 28, no. 1, Aug. 2002, pp. 443–478., doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.141114.

This article provides a review of mechanisms that are used to measure concentrated poverty by neighborhoods. From a sociological perspective, the authors explain how peer-group influence, social ties, and networking can contribute to isolating a particular group into a neighborhood or group of neighborhoods, which can limit their upward economic mobility. 

Shah, Ankoor Y., et al. “Nutritional Status of Refugee Children Entering DeKalb County, Georgia.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 16, no. 5, Oct. 2014, pp. 959–967., doi:10.1007/s10903-013-9867-8.

Evaluates the nutritional status of refugee communities in Clarkston, Dekalb County, to understand how the health of refugee immigrants in Clarkston compares to other non-refugee American populations.

Singer, Audrey, et al. Twenty-First-Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America. Brookings Institution Press, 2008.

Provides a detailed analysis of the waves of immigration that lead to the settlement of different immigrant groups into the Atlanta metro. With census information and demographic statistics, this book explains which counties of the Atlanta metro house immigrant communities. 

Stuesse, Angela, and Mathew Coleman. “Automobility, Immobility, Altermobility: Surviving and Resisting the Intensification of Immigrant Policing.” City & Society, vol. 26, no. 1, Apr. 2014, pp. 51–72., doi:10.1111/ciso.12034.

Explains how stricter immigration policies, such as H.B. 87 and 287(g), impact the quality of life, including economic mobility and income, of Latino undocumented immigrants in metro Atlanta. 

Tarasawa, Beth. “Mixed Messages in Media Coverage of Bilingual Education: The Case of Atlanta, Georgia.” Bilingual Research Journal, vol. 31, no. 1-2, 20 Mar. 2009, pp. 23–46., doi:10.1080/15235880802640565.

Evaluates the benefits of bilingual education and explains how media coverage may lead people in Atlanta to oppose the implementation of bilingual education. Explains how bilingual education can cater to Limited English Proficient (LEP) students and help them integrate into society. Furthermore, the article explains how a former policy in Norcross, Gwinnett County, worked against integrating immigrants who spoke a foreign language.

Tharpe, Wesley. “Voluntary Immigration Enforcement a Costly Choice for Georgia Communities.” Georgia Budget and Policy Institute, Georgia Budget and Policy Institute, 18 July 2018,

This article describes a policy, 287(g), enacted by the Federal Government that allows county governments across the U.S. to implement strict immigration enforcement measures. As explained in the article, the adoption of this program by Gwinnett and Cobb counties has impacted the quality of life of immigrant communities.

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