Posts

Jonathan Schulz’s Tool Review

Infogram: provides a variety of templates and charts to organize and display information and data alongside text.

RAWGraphs: allows users to generate graphs and charts from their spreadsheets (which may help me to easily visualize the information on my Excel spreadsheet).

Paper Machines: a plugin for a bibliographic management software, Zotero, that provides a variety of services including extracting words from text and the ability to geolocate and heat maps. 

Excel: I am using Excel to sort information on laws, policies, and programs by their impacts on each immigrant population.

Jordan Graham’s Annotated Bibliography

1. Tromble, Rebekah. “Thanks for (actually) Responding! How Citizen Demand Shapes Politicians’ Interactive Practices on Twitter.” New Media & Society. 20.2 (2018): 676-697. Web.

In this article Tromble used the results of a random sample of tweets from and directed at lower level politicians in the Netherlands, the UK, and the US during the latter half of October 2013 to investigate the how “citizen demand” (direct requests from citizens on social media) affect how politicians engage with citizens via social media, with specific interest in the “reciprocity” (the idea that certain responses, positive, negative, or otherwise, beget similar responses). She found that there was a discrepancy between the amount of reciprocal interactions, AKA real conversations between politicians and citizens, in the Netherlands and the UK when compared to the US, with the US having significantly less reciprocal interactions. This coincided with more negatively-toned initial requests from US citizens to politicians as opposed to the Netherlands and the UK, which Tromble suggests may be part of the cause for such low reciprocal interaction, although she also proposes that the traditional “top-down” style of information dispersal of politicians, as used in public addresses, is likely also involved. This article is useful for my project because it addresses how politicians interact with citizens via social media and how their use of social media might be affected by citizen interactions, which coincides with my own interest in investigating how politicians interact with their constituents on social media. However, as most of the tweets were hand coded, rather than automatically coded as I hope to do with mine, my own project is focused solely on the US, and because Tromble is not investigating specifically linguistic data like syntax or phrase structure, this study is mainly useful as context for my own study.

2. Azmi, Alia. Sylvia, Ike. Mardhiah, Desy. “Discourse Analysis of Politicians’ Social Media Posts.” Jurnal the Messenger. 10.2 (2018): 174-186. Web.

In this article Azami et al. use discourse analysis to examine the social media posts of three political figures with the most followers on three social media platforms (Facebook, Instragram, and Twitter) to understand the explicit and implicit political messages in their posts. They analyzed written texts and other content (photos/cartoons and videos) taken from August to September 2017 on each politician’s page (only the most followed one). They found that each politician has their own “style” of posting that not only sets them apart from other politicians but also implicitly conveys their own political and social beliefs to their followers and how they seem to try to cater their posts to forward their own endeavors (i.e. greeting citizens on a religious holiday to garner favor/build rapport). Although the focus of this study was Indonesian politicians, it is still a useful resource for my project. The fact that it examines the limitations of the messages one can make on different social media platforms and focuses on the individual style (including linguistic style) of each politician will make it useful for comparison when I am trying to determine how much of the variation of Twitter use by the politicians I study is due to platform restraints and how much is due to personal “style”. It also discusses the use of different registers of language, from formal to informal to oral, which is something that I would also like to examine in my own research.

3. Tromble, Rebekah. “The Great Leveler? Comparing Citizen-politician Twitter Engagement across Three Western Democracies.” European Political Science : EPS. 17.2 (2018): 223-239. Web.

This study follows up on the other Tromble study discussed above by using the same random sample of tweets to investigate the types of people that politicians have “reciprocal interactions” with and what this says about said politicians/how well social media really “levels” the playing field to allow ordinary citizens to interact with politicians where they traditionally couldn’t. For this study interlocutors were coded into seven categories: political, media, celebrity, business, interest group, other institutional (institutionally based identities such as religious groups or academic institutions), and citizens, with interlocutors falling into more than one category being coded as the “highest” category possible. She found that ideologically left parties talked to citizens more, while ideologically right parties talked to businesses more. She also found that, for the US and the UK, of all interactions about 1/4 were with citizens, 1/4 were with political entities, and about 1/5 were with interest groups (the Netherlands a lot more interactions with political entities, even though citizen interactions were also high), and that the size of political party was also a factor (bigger = more elite interactions). This study is useful because it acknowledges and investigates the social strata of social media users and how one’s social “status” can affect how one interacts with others and is interacted with by others of the same or differing “statuses”, which is a variable I wish to investigate in my own research. Their coding standards for the different categories of users will also be useful both in forming my own categories and in using their data for comparison to my own (at least their US data).

4. Cook, James M. “Twitter Adoption and Activity in U.S. Legislatures: A 50-State Study.” The American Behavioral Scientist. 61.7 (2017): 724-740. Web.

In this study Cook examines the factors affecting Twitter adoption at the state legislative level and the affect of certain factors (age, gender, state, district, party, status as legislative “veteran”/”leader”, education, median district income, median district age, etc.) on this adoption and active use using statistical analysis. He found that the significant variables for Twitter adoption often varied from state to state, although median district education level seemed to be a more stable predictor. Overall, he found that factors such as “constituents per legislator, youth and educational attainment of a district, legislative professionalism, being a woman, sitting in the upper chamber, leadership, and legislative experience” seemed to be linked to a legislator being more likely to adopt the use of Twitter. This article is useful for my project because it gives me context for examining what social/contextual factors may have an impact on how comfortable/widespread the politicians that I am studying are with Twitter, and gives me more insight into what factors I want to control for when selecting the politicians that I want to study.

5. Diana Evans Yiannakis. “House Members’ Communication Styles: Newsletters and Press Releases.” The Journal of Politics, vol. 44, no. 4, 1982, p. 1049. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2130673&site=eds-live. Web.

In this article Yiannakis investigates the communications styles that politicians (specifically House of Representatives members) use to address their citizens and how district and individual characteristics affect their style by examining the content of newsletters and press releases produced during the 94th and six months of the 95th Congresses. They took a random sample of 30 members of the House of Representatives and focused on their newsletters and press releases. She found that the House members’ communication style was greatly influenced by their “political circumstances”, with politicians tending to cater their addresses so that they lined up with what their constituents wanted to hear/what they thought they wanted to hear. Their style also seemed to be influenced by ideology and influence, with more ideological members being inconsistent in whether they claim credit for outcomes catering to their constituents and with more senior House members being more likely to claim credit for such outcomes. This article is useful as it gives me more insight into how politicians interact with their constituents and what factors might affect how they interact. It is also useful as it gives me a more “traditional” form of address to compare to the Twitter data that I collect, to see the extent of the effect of the medium of address (if there is any) on the style politicians choose to use. I can also compare the uses of newsletters and press releases to the uses of tweets and see if they are used for similar purposes or if politicians seem to tailor their medium to fit the purpose. Unfortunately, since this article was not written recently (not even in the past decade), I can at most use this as context for my own inferences and use it to help guide my study of similar forms of media use in the present day.

6. Golbeck, Jennifer. Auxier, Brooke. Bickford, Abigail. Cabrera, Lautaro. Conte McHugh, Meaghan. Moore, Stephani. Hart, Jacquelyn. Resti, Justin. Rogers, Anthony. Zimmerman, Jenna. “Congressional Twitter Use Revisited on the Platform’s 10‐year Anniversary.” Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 69.8 (2018): 1067-1070. Web.

In this article Golbeck et al. compared tweets from a 2009 study and tweets from early 2017 to examine how the tweeting habits of Congress members had changed over time. They found that, although only 159 members of Congress had Twitter accounts in 2009, every Congress member had a Twitter account in 2017. They also found that, as a whole, Congress members seem to be tweeting about the same things, although they are tweeting more in general. Golbeck et al. also found that most of the tweets examined were either meant to convey pertinent information (either about political stances/issues or about events) or featured the Congress member at some activity, usually related to politics. Aside from investigating what the Congress members were tweeting about, Golbeck et al. also mapped how “connected” each member was to other members of Congress (who they followed on Twitter), which shows a clear party bias. This article is helpful because it provides background for some of the major ways that politicians seem to be using Twitter, as well as providing some insight into how politicians use Twitter to connect to their fellow politicians.

7. McGregor, Shannon C. Lawrence, Regina G. Cardona, Arielle. “Personalization, Gender, and Social Media: Gubernatorial Candidates’ Social Media Strategies.” Information, Communication and Society. 20.2 (2017): 264-283. Web.

In this study McGregor et al. explore how politicians use “self-personalization” (posting about their personal lives on social media) as a strategy to get their constituents to feel more connected to them, and how they use social media to do it, with a specific focus on the effect of gender on these strategies. They did this by examining the social media posts of 18 gubernatorial candidates in 2014 posted between January 1st and November 5th. They found that men seem to engage in more “self-personalization” than their female opponents, although female candidates in competitive races seem to have used “self-personalization” more than other female candidates. Tighter races seemed to increase male “self-personalization” as well. This article is useful because it provides context on how gender and gender stereotypes might effect how politicians use Twitter, which will help me when I am conducting my own research.

8. “Relationships Among Twitter Conversation Networks, Language Use, and Congressional Voting.” Conference Papers — International Communication Association, 2012 Annual Meeting 2012, pp. 1–24. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ufh&AN=85900300&site=eds-live. Web.

In this paper the authors examine relationships between “conversation networks, language use, and political behavior” by looking at the Twitter activity of 411 Congress members from June 14th to August 23rd 2011. They are especially interested in how the Congress members use Twitter, interact with each other in real life, and vote are related. They then mapped out the “connections” they found between members based on follows and mentions, which showed the two parties with a pretty clear divide between them. They also found that Republicans seem to use Twitter for communication amongst party members than Democrats, who mostly just follow their colleagues. They also found that Congress members seem to be using Twitter to “implicitly campaign”, as they do in other types of media (speeches, websites, etc.). This article is useful because it gives me insight into how politicians’ use of Twitter relates to how they use other forms of media, as well as more insight into how they use Twitter to “connect” with and communicate with their colleagues.

9. Salloum, Said A., Al-Emran, Mostafa. Shaalan, Khaled. “A survey of text mining in social media: facebook and twitter perspectives.” Adv. Sci. Technol. Eng. Syst. J 2.1 (2017): 127-133.

In this article Salloum et al. give a survey of text mining/data mining techniques specifically centered on the use of data from social media (social media posts) platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. These techniques include text clustering, text categorization, association rule extraction and trend analysis. This article is useful because it helps familiarize me with the different methods of text/data mining and analysis that I could potentially use to gather my project data, as well as giving me a jumping off point should I need to find/refine a different method of data mining.

10. Brezina, Vaclav. “Sociolinguistics and Stylistics: Individual and Social Variation.” Statistics in Corpus Linguistics: A Practical Guide. Cambidge: Cambridge UP, 2018. 183-218. Print.

In this chapter several statistical techniques for analyzing stylistic and sociolinguistic variations in corpora are described, such as the t-test, ANOVA, the Mann-Whitney U test, the Kruskal-Wallis test, and mixed effects models. This chapter is useful because it familiarizes me with several methods that I can use to analyze my data on politicians and see what patterns of use I can find. It is also useful because it elaborates on how to specifically investigate matters of linguistic style and sociolinguistic influences, which are two areas that I want to focus my research around.

Annotated Bibliography

Bouvier, Leon F. and Martin, John L. “Shaping Georgia: The Effects of Immigration, 1970-2020.” 1995. Center for Immigration Studies. 

Examines population statistics with regards to immigrant communities and ethnic minorities in Georgia and explains how these populations are projected to change and impact the demographics of the overall state and city.

Huang, Xi, and Cathy Yang Liu. “Welcoming Cities: Immigration Policy at the Local Government Level.” Urban Affairs Review, vol. 54, no. 1, 23 Jan. 2018, pp. 3–32., doi:10.1177/1078087416678999.

Explains the benefits of welcoming immigration initiatives and argues that local governments should adopt initiatives to more effectively breach language and cultural barriers to integrate immigrants into society and generate economic and social mobility. 

“Immigration Impact.” American Immigration Council, Immigration Impact, immigrationimpact.com/.

The American Immigration Council is a database that contains information pertaining to immigrant communities across the U.S. It provides access to articles that describe the societal, economic, and cultural impacts of immigration, as well as the effect of government policies on immigrant populations.

 “Immigrants in Georgia.” American Immigration Council, American Immigration Council, 9 October 2017, http://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/research/immigrants-in-georgia/.

This site provides information and statistics on immigration for each state in the U.S. These statistics include the occupations which the immigrants work and explains their contributions and role in the Georgia economy.

“Immigration in Georgia.” Ballotpedia, Ballotpedia, ballotpedia.org/Immigration_in_Georgia.

Ballotpedia is an online database that publishes thousands of encyclopedia articles, including a detailed report of the Federal and Georgia immigration policies and laws. Furthermore, it contains details on the immigrant community in Georgia, such as poverty rates, education, demographics, public services, and refugee communities.

Liu, Yang CC. “Latino Immigration and the Low-Skill Urban Labor Market: The Case of Atlanta.” 2012. Social Science Quarterly. 

This article provides analysis for the demographic change in the Atlanta region and explains the effect of immigration on ethnic composition of Atlanta. It also examines census data for counties in the Atlanta region for each ethnicity.

McDaniel, Paul N., Darlene Xiomara Rodriguez, and Anna Joo Kim. “Creating a Welcoming Metro Atlanta: A Region Approach to Immigrant Integration.” Atlanta Studies. April 26, 2018. https://www.atlantastudies.org/2018/04/26/creating-a-welcoming-metro-atlanta-a-regional-approach-to-immigrant-integration/

This article examines the impact of state and local immigration policies on the integration of immigrants into society. In addition, this article highlights the areas of the Atlanta metro that contain the largest clusters of immigrant populations.

“Metro Atlanta Equity Atlas.” Metro Atlanta Equity Atlas, Partnership for Southern Equity, atlantaequityatlas.com/maps/browse-maps/health/.

Provides maps that represents Atlanta in terms of demographics and quality of life factors such as economic development, education, environment, health, housing, public safety, and transportation

“Migration Policy Institute.” Migration Policy Institute, 1 Apr. 2019, www.migrationpolicy.org/topics/education.

This database provides access to recent articles that pertain to modern-day immigration issues, including articles regarding the education that is available to immigrants across the U.S. 

Odem, Mary E. “Subaltern Immigrants: Undocumented Workers and National Belonging in the United States.” Interventions- International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, 10 Oct. 2008, pp. 359–380., doi:10.1080/13698010802444959.

This article explains connectiveness of the Latino immigrant community in metro Atlanta and how GA policies continually caused this community to become isolated from society. Furthermore, the authors examine how the law prohibiting undocumented immigrants from acquiring driver’s licenses further isolates undocumented immigrants, mostly of Latino origin.

Sampson, Robert J., et al. “Assessing ‘Neighborhood Effects’: Social Processes and New Directions in Research.” Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 28, no. 1, Aug. 2002, pp. 443–478., doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.141114.

This article provides a review of mechanisms that are used to measure concentrated poverty by neighborhoods. From a sociological perspective, the authors explain how peer-group influence, social ties, and networking can contribute to isolating a particular group into a neighborhood or group of neighborhoods, which can limit their upward economic mobility. 

Shah, Ankoor Y., et al. “Nutritional Status of Refugee Children Entering DeKalb County, Georgia.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 16, no. 5, Oct. 2014, pp. 959–967., doi:10.1007/s10903-013-9867-8.

Evaluates the nutritional status of refugee communities in Clarkston, Dekalb County, to understand how the health of refugee immigrants in Clarkston compares to other non-refugee American populations.

Singer, Audrey, et al. Twenty-First-Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America. Brookings Institution Press, 2008.

Provides a detailed analysis of the waves of immigration that lead to the settlement of different immigrant groups into the Atlanta metro. With census information and demographic statistics, this book explains which counties of the Atlanta metro house immigrant communities. 

Stuesse, Angela, and Mathew Coleman. “Automobility, Immobility, Altermobility: Surviving and Resisting the Intensification of Immigrant Policing.” City & Society, vol. 26, no. 1, Apr. 2014, pp. 51–72., doi:10.1111/ciso.12034.

Explains how stricter immigration policies, such as H.B. 87 and 287(g), impact the quality of life, including economic mobility and income, of Latino undocumented immigrants in metro Atlanta. 

Tarasawa, Beth. “Mixed Messages in Media Coverage of Bilingual Education: The Case of Atlanta, Georgia.” Bilingual Research Journal, vol. 31, no. 1-2, 20 Mar. 2009, pp. 23–46., doi:10.1080/15235880802640565.

Evaluates the benefits of bilingual education and explains how media coverage may lead people in Atlanta to oppose the implementation of bilingual education. Explains how bilingual education can cater to Limited English Proficient (LEP) students and help them integrate into society. Furthermore, the article explains how a former policy in Norcross, Gwinnett County, worked against integrating immigrants who spoke a foreign language.

Tharpe, Wesley. “Voluntary Immigration Enforcement a Costly Choice for Georgia Communities.” Georgia Budget and Policy Institute, Georgia Budget and Policy Institute, 18 July 2018, gbpi.org/2018/voluntary-immigration-enforcement-a-costly-choice-for-georgia-communities/.

This article describes a policy, 287(g), enacted by the Federal Government that allows county governments across the U.S. to implement strict immigration enforcement measures. As explained in the article, the adoption of this program by Gwinnett and Cobb counties has impacted the quality of life of immigrant communities.

Jonathan Schulz’s Project Reviews

Browsing through a wide range of Digital Humanities research projects was insightful because these projects displayed the diversity within the field of Digital Humanities, while several projects contained elements that I hope to replicate in my own project.  

Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project (http://depts.washington.edu/civilr/segregated.htm) is a project ongoing in Seattle, Washington that provides an impressively-organized map of the segregation that developed within the neighborhoods of Seattle. Created by the University of Washington, the project maps out the segregated neighborhoods in Seattle and provides historical context to explain the demographic development within the city. I was impressed by how the project included ethnographic statistics for many of the neighborhoods and how the project also provided diagrams of the neighborhoods. From the perspective of a user, this project exceeded my expectations as it not only blended visualizations with historical commentary, but also included links to direct the users to digital versions of the primary documents. I would consider this project a success as it includes a balance of visuals, historical context, and primary documents, is easy to navigate, and is well-structured (chronologically by each decade). For my own project, I hope to replicate some of these elements, especially the balanced blend of visuals and written text. 

Another current project in this field is A Visual History of Chicano/A/X Literature (http://faculty.ucmerced.edu/mmartin-rodriguez/index_files/00VH.htm). Supported by UC Merced, this project is operated by Manuel Martín-Rodríguez and it compiles a list of literary works by Mexican-American authors. This list is presented chronologically by date of publication and a digital form of the original cover is provided for each piece of literature. Although this project contains important elements, I believe that it falls short of a success as it fails to provide descriptions of each works’ historic significance, summaries of the content from these books, digital scans of the original books, as well as other forms of visualization. Without commentary or copies of the original primary sources, this project was extremely limited and provided the user with very minimal information. One aspect of this project that I found successful was the manner by which these books were arranged chronologically and how they displayed a digital copy of the original cover of each document. 

The third project that I explored was the Black Press Collective (http://blackpressresearchcollective.org/visualizing-the-black-press/), which aims to explain the historic and current impact of Black newspapers in the United States. An interesting component of this project was that it included social media platforms, Facebook and Twitter, as well as a page with news articles to show the current impact of these newspapers. Unlike the other projects I had examined, this project contained a page with photos of each of the contributors as well as biographies. The site used an interactive map of the U.S. that marked the locations where copies of one newspaper, The Chicago Defender’s, was sold in large quantities. Moreover, this map was accompanied with text that provided historical context to where the newspapers were sold. This approach of providing an interactive map along with text to provide historical context is something that I definitely hope to incorporate into my project. Furthermore, photographs from historically-relevant time periods accompanied the text, which provided valuable visualization for the user. I believe that this project met the criteria for a successful project as it implemented visualizations along with historical commentary, all of which was structured in a very accessible and easily navigable format.

Jonathan Schulz

Hello, my name is Jonathan and I am a rising sophomore pursuing a double major in Biology and intended Exercise and Sports Science. Following graduation, I aim to pursue a career in medicine as a pediatric physician or in another healthcare-related profession. My non-academic interests include all forms of running (road running, cross-country, track and field), playing and watching soccer, as well as playing the violin. 

For my digital humanities project I hope to conduct digital research on the demographics of Atlanta and its metropolis to design heat maps and other graphical representations to map the dispersal of immigrant communities across the Atlanta region. Furthermore, I think it would be interesting to research the most common occupations in the city and to see how these occupations compare across the diverse regions of Atlanta and its metro.

Hunter Kunzelmann

Hi, I’m Hunter. I am a rising sophomore and an intended Environmental Engineering major at UGA. I love animals, skateboarding, video games, music, photography, and exploring new places.

For my summer project I plan on visiting abandoned and iconic places in and around Athens and using camera techniques to highlight them and provide a perspective that people otherwise wouldn’t see. I’m going to use a technique called “light painting” in which I draw (or paint) designs in the foreground of a photograph using light sources as the ink. These Athenian areas will be the background of the photos.

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Project Reviews

Photogrammar

Photogrammar is a digital humanities project based out of Yale that documents over 90,000 photos taken by the US government during the Great Depression. The pictures are sorted by the city in which they were taken and displayed on a map of the United States. By clicking on the county you wish to see, you are redirected to a page that displays all the pictures from that specific city. Under each picture is a description, the name of the photographer, and the date the photo was taken. The way these pictures are presented is aesthetically appealing and allows you to visualize the extent of the Great Depression and the toll it took on the US. I personally would have also provided an option to view each individual state in a closer-up map to make it more easily navigable, but otherwise the project and its layout are spectacular.

Spatializing Photographic Archives

Mark Downie and Paul Kaizer worked together in this project to develop a program for spatially reconstructing sites from photographs and then matching these sites to their photos. They would start with a photo and “unfreeze” it, stepping outside the limitations of the camera’s lens and revealing hidden aspects of photography. For example, one of the photos spatialized was just a picture of a couple of palm trees from an album. Using their program, Downie and Kaizer were able to reconstruct the entire stand of trees that surrounded the original picture. This method is very interesting in that it provides more insight into what the photographer was seeing whilst taking the pictures and can give us as viewers a greater appreciation for how the photographer decided what it was that needed to be captured. They displayed the original images inside of the spatial reconstructions so you could see the similarities and differences between the two.

Image Similarity Analysis

John Resig investigates the process of using computer vision software to identify similar/identical photographs of works of art. Throughout history, photography archives have been established and maintained, garnering millions of pictures of artwork ranging from paintings to sculptures in order to provide references for art history research. Going through all of these photos and organizing them would be impossible by hand, and so Resig has developed a method to use a computer vision software to detect similar features in photos and compare them to the rest of the database, effectively determining duplicate and/or similar pictures within these archives. This is a necessary undertaking that provides order to these photo archives as well as an interesting (and not to mention time-saving) approach to the problem of duplicate photos.

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Annotated Bibliography

Spelman, W. “ABANDONED BUILDINGS: MAGNETS FOR CRIME?” Journal of Criminal Justice., vol. 21, no. 5, 1993, pp. 481–495.

This study examines a neighborhood in Austin, TX and determines that abandoned buildings are hotspots for illegal activities. It also determines, however, that securing these abandoned buildings shuts down a large portion of this crime for a relatively low cost.

Graner, Anja. “Why Should We Deal with Abandoned Urban Spaces?” Urbanet, 2 Aug. 2018, www.urbanet.info/abandoned-urban-spaces/.

This article analyzes the need to deal with abandoned buildings and areas in cities as they fall into decay. Potential uses for these spaces which remove the problem of crime and also give them a new use are repurposing of for community projects such as neighborhood gardens or kitchens.

“Abandoned Buildings and Revitalization Efforts: Research for Journalists.” Journalist’s Resource, 11 May 2018, journalistsresource.org/studies/government/municipal/abandoned-buildings-revitalization/.

This article provides a very short overview on the problem of abandoned buildings. However, it is more useful in that it provides a list of other research projects on abandoned properties for the reader’s to explore and utilize.

“6 Tips for Telling Stories with Your Photos.” PetaPixel, 27 June 2016, petapixel.com/2016/06/27/6-tips-telling-stories-photos/.

This article is more of a guideline for learning to take better photos in order to tell stories. Tips include advice such as make sure to plan everything out before going out and doing it as well as encouragement to not be afraid of failure and to be yourself.

“Telling Stories With Photos.” Digital Photography School, 3 Oct. 2013, digital-photography-school.com/telling-stories-with-photos/.

This article provides more in-depth ways to improve photographic storytelling, such as making themes consistent through an album of photos. Another method is through establishing context and plot to a set of pictures so the viewer can more clearly understand what’s going on.

Landwer-Johan, Kevin. “Narrative Photography | How to Use Photos That Tell a Story.” ExpertPhotography, expertphotography.com/narrative-photography/.

This article provides technical tips to creating better narratives with pictures. An example is the recommendation to use various perspectives when actually shooting and to use certain lenses in order to remove unwanted elements from photos.

Page, Jason. “Light Painting Techniques and Tutorials.” Light Painting Brushes, lightpaintingbrushes.com/pages/light-painting-techniques.

This webpage is specifically for techniques relating to light painting. It gives an overview of many different methods that can be utilized in order to produce different effects with light.

Saggese, Maria. “Light Painting Tutorial Fiber Optics by Maria Saggese.” Light Painting Brushes, lightpaintingbrushes.com/pages/fiber-optic-light-painting-tutorial-by-maria-saggese.

This webpage is an overview of one specific technique used with light painting. It provides different ways to use a certain tool in order to produce different effects within the photographs.

LightPaintingPhoto. “Light Painting Tutorial, How To Light Paint a Light Man.” YouTube, YouTube, 2 Nov. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vCaiF9DSxU.

This video provides an in-depth tutorial on creating a certain effect with light painting. It is nice to be able to see the process behind the creation of the effect with the final product next to it so you can see where each individual part comes from.

LightPaintingPhoto. “Light Painting Tutorial, How To Write With Light.” YouTube, YouTube, 14 Apr. 2019, www.youtube.com/watch?v=vDtAdYoFk-8.

This video shows techniques for writing with light in a photograph. It is helpful in that it gives tips for keeping words relatively similarly sized since you can’t really just eyeball that when there is no visual representation of what you write before the picture is finished taking.

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Tool Reviews

Imgur: This website is very useful for uploading images quickly and in large quantities. It is nice as a sort of drafting website because I can add descriptions or ideas for each individual pictures and keep them hidden from the public unless I want to publish them.

Wix: This is a website creation tool that I have a website with already. I can use it to post albums of photos as well, but it looks much more polished and will be better for the final product than imgur.

Photoshop: This is a very popular and powerful editing program for images. It can be used to combine images, touch up aspects of photos, resize files, and much more. It will be very useful for polishing photographs once I have taken them.

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Miscellaneous Links

Light painting test pictures

Daytime reference pictures

Puritan Cordage Mills light painting

https://www.onlineathens.com/news/20190708/late-night-fire-guts-building-on-puritan-mill-site-in-athens

Project Reviews

Each participant was tasked to find three digital projects to review. Their job was to find projects that fit the same topic or theme of their projects, or ones that used similar methods as their own work. They used the following criteria to find and review existing projects:

  1. What to you need/want to see as a user?
  2. How would you define a successful project?
  3. What can you take from this review for your own project?

Collectively they found a wide range of projects and methods posted at

https://dhsummerscholars.wordpress.com/dh-project-reviews/

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