Jonathan Schulz’s Tool Review

Infogram: provides a variety of templates and charts to organize and display information and data alongside text.

RAWGraphs: allows users to generate graphs and charts from their spreadsheets (which may help me to easily visualize the information on my Excel spreadsheet).

Paper Machines: a plugin for a bibliographic management software, Zotero, that provides a variety of services including extracting words from text and the ability to geolocate and heat maps. 

Excel: I am using Excel to sort information on laws, policies, and programs by their impacts on each immigrant population.

Annotated Bibliography

Bouvier, Leon F. and Martin, John L. “Shaping Georgia: The Effects of Immigration, 1970-2020.” 1995. Center for Immigration Studies. 

Examines population statistics with regards to immigrant communities and ethnic minorities in Georgia and explains how these populations are projected to change and impact the demographics of the overall state and city.

Huang, Xi, and Cathy Yang Liu. “Welcoming Cities: Immigration Policy at the Local Government Level.” Urban Affairs Review, vol. 54, no. 1, 23 Jan. 2018, pp. 3–32., doi:10.1177/1078087416678999.

Explains the benefits of welcoming immigration initiatives and argues that local governments should adopt initiatives to more effectively breach language and cultural barriers to integrate immigrants into society and generate economic and social mobility. 

“Immigration Impact.” American Immigration Council, Immigration Impact,

The American Immigration Council is a database that contains information pertaining to immigrant communities across the U.S. It provides access to articles that describe the societal, economic, and cultural impacts of immigration, as well as the effect of government policies on immigrant populations.

 “Immigrants in Georgia.” American Immigration Council, American Immigration Council, 9 October 2017,

This site provides information and statistics on immigration for each state in the U.S. These statistics include the occupations which the immigrants work and explains their contributions and role in the Georgia economy.

“Immigration in Georgia.” Ballotpedia, Ballotpedia,

Ballotpedia is an online database that publishes thousands of encyclopedia articles, including a detailed report of the Federal and Georgia immigration policies and laws. Furthermore, it contains details on the immigrant community in Georgia, such as poverty rates, education, demographics, public services, and refugee communities.

Liu, Yang CC. “Latino Immigration and the Low-Skill Urban Labor Market: The Case of Atlanta.” 2012. Social Science Quarterly. 

This article provides analysis for the demographic change in the Atlanta region and explains the effect of immigration on ethnic composition of Atlanta. It also examines census data for counties in the Atlanta region for each ethnicity.

McDaniel, Paul N., Darlene Xiomara Rodriguez, and Anna Joo Kim. “Creating a Welcoming Metro Atlanta: A Region Approach to Immigrant Integration.” Atlanta Studies. April 26, 2018.

This article examines the impact of state and local immigration policies on the integration of immigrants into society. In addition, this article highlights the areas of the Atlanta metro that contain the largest clusters of immigrant populations.

“Metro Atlanta Equity Atlas.” Metro Atlanta Equity Atlas, Partnership for Southern Equity,

Provides maps that represents Atlanta in terms of demographics and quality of life factors such as economic development, education, environment, health, housing, public safety, and transportation

“Migration Policy Institute.” Migration Policy Institute, 1 Apr. 2019,

This database provides access to recent articles that pertain to modern-day immigration issues, including articles regarding the education that is available to immigrants across the U.S. 

Odem, Mary E. “Subaltern Immigrants: Undocumented Workers and National Belonging in the United States.” Interventions- International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, 10 Oct. 2008, pp. 359–380., doi:10.1080/13698010802444959.

This article explains connectiveness of the Latino immigrant community in metro Atlanta and how GA policies continually caused this community to become isolated from society. Furthermore, the authors examine how the law prohibiting undocumented immigrants from acquiring driver’s licenses further isolates undocumented immigrants, mostly of Latino origin.

Sampson, Robert J., et al. “Assessing ‘Neighborhood Effects’: Social Processes and New Directions in Research.” Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 28, no. 1, Aug. 2002, pp. 443–478., doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.141114.

This article provides a review of mechanisms that are used to measure concentrated poverty by neighborhoods. From a sociological perspective, the authors explain how peer-group influence, social ties, and networking can contribute to isolating a particular group into a neighborhood or group of neighborhoods, which can limit their upward economic mobility. 

Shah, Ankoor Y., et al. “Nutritional Status of Refugee Children Entering DeKalb County, Georgia.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 16, no. 5, Oct. 2014, pp. 959–967., doi:10.1007/s10903-013-9867-8.

Evaluates the nutritional status of refugee communities in Clarkston, Dekalb County, to understand how the health of refugee immigrants in Clarkston compares to other non-refugee American populations.

Singer, Audrey, et al. Twenty-First-Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America. Brookings Institution Press, 2008.

Provides a detailed analysis of the waves of immigration that lead to the settlement of different immigrant groups into the Atlanta metro. With census information and demographic statistics, this book explains which counties of the Atlanta metro house immigrant communities. 

Stuesse, Angela, and Mathew Coleman. “Automobility, Immobility, Altermobility: Surviving and Resisting the Intensification of Immigrant Policing.” City & Society, vol. 26, no. 1, Apr. 2014, pp. 51–72., doi:10.1111/ciso.12034.

Explains how stricter immigration policies, such as H.B. 87 and 287(g), impact the quality of life, including economic mobility and income, of Latino undocumented immigrants in metro Atlanta. 

Tarasawa, Beth. “Mixed Messages in Media Coverage of Bilingual Education: The Case of Atlanta, Georgia.” Bilingual Research Journal, vol. 31, no. 1-2, 20 Mar. 2009, pp. 23–46., doi:10.1080/15235880802640565.

Evaluates the benefits of bilingual education and explains how media coverage may lead people in Atlanta to oppose the implementation of bilingual education. Explains how bilingual education can cater to Limited English Proficient (LEP) students and help them integrate into society. Furthermore, the article explains how a former policy in Norcross, Gwinnett County, worked against integrating immigrants who spoke a foreign language.

Tharpe, Wesley. “Voluntary Immigration Enforcement a Costly Choice for Georgia Communities.” Georgia Budget and Policy Institute, Georgia Budget and Policy Institute, 18 July 2018,

This article describes a policy, 287(g), enacted by the Federal Government that allows county governments across the U.S. to implement strict immigration enforcement measures. As explained in the article, the adoption of this program by Gwinnett and Cobb counties has impacted the quality of life of immigrant communities.

Jonathan Schulz’s Project Reviews

Browsing through a wide range of Digital Humanities research projects was insightful because these projects displayed the diversity within the field of Digital Humanities, while several projects contained elements that I hope to replicate in my own project.  

Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project ( is a project ongoing in Seattle, Washington that provides an impressively-organized map of the segregation that developed within the neighborhoods of Seattle. Created by the University of Washington, the project maps out the segregated neighborhoods in Seattle and provides historical context to explain the demographic development within the city. I was impressed by how the project included ethnographic statistics for many of the neighborhoods and how the project also provided diagrams of the neighborhoods. From the perspective of a user, this project exceeded my expectations as it not only blended visualizations with historical commentary, but also included links to direct the users to digital versions of the primary documents. I would consider this project a success as it includes a balance of visuals, historical context, and primary documents, is easy to navigate, and is well-structured (chronologically by each decade). For my own project, I hope to replicate some of these elements, especially the balanced blend of visuals and written text. 

Another current project in this field is A Visual History of Chicano/A/X Literature ( Supported by UC Merced, this project is operated by Manuel Martín-Rodríguez and it compiles a list of literary works by Mexican-American authors. This list is presented chronologically by date of publication and a digital form of the original cover is provided for each piece of literature. Although this project contains important elements, I believe that it falls short of a success as it fails to provide descriptions of each works’ historic significance, summaries of the content from these books, digital scans of the original books, as well as other forms of visualization. Without commentary or copies of the original primary sources, this project was extremely limited and provided the user with very minimal information. One aspect of this project that I found successful was the manner by which these books were arranged chronologically and how they displayed a digital copy of the original cover of each document. 

The third project that I explored was the Black Press Collective (, which aims to explain the historic and current impact of Black newspapers in the United States. An interesting component of this project was that it included social media platforms, Facebook and Twitter, as well as a page with news articles to show the current impact of these newspapers. Unlike the other projects I had examined, this project contained a page with photos of each of the contributors as well as biographies. The site used an interactive map of the U.S. that marked the locations where copies of one newspaper, The Chicago Defender’s, was sold in large quantities. Moreover, this map was accompanied with text that provided historical context to where the newspapers were sold. This approach of providing an interactive map along with text to provide historical context is something that I definitely hope to incorporate into my project. Furthermore, photographs from historically-relevant time periods accompanied the text, which provided valuable visualization for the user. I believe that this project met the criteria for a successful project as it implemented visualizations along with historical commentary, all of which was structured in a very accessible and easily navigable format.

Jonathan Schulz

Hello, my name is Jonathan and I am a rising sophomore pursuing a double major in Biology and intended Exercise and Sports Science. Following graduation, I aim to pursue a career in medicine as a pediatric physician or in another healthcare-related profession. My non-academic interests include all forms of running (road running, cross-country, track and field), playing and watching soccer, as well as playing the violin. 

For my digital humanities project I hope to conduct digital research on the demographics of Atlanta and its metropolis to design heat maps and other graphical representations to map the dispersal of immigrant communities across the Atlanta region. Furthermore, I think it would be interesting to research the most common occupations in the city and to see how these occupations compare across the diverse regions of Atlanta and its metro.

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